Sometimes it seems as if your skin is impossible to control, especially when you get up and see in the mirror a huge pimple on your nose or a “heating” in the corner of your mouth. The good news is that there are ways to prevent and treat the most common skin problems; Here are some tips.
A grain begins to come out when the pores of the skin are clogged with a type of fat called sebum, which under normal conditions lubricates the skin and hair. Acne is common during puberty, when hormones get out of control, causing the skin to produce excess sebum. Since many of the sebum-producing glands are located in the forehead, nose, and chin, this area—the T-zone—is where more grains come out.
Here are some tips to prevent acne breakouts and get them to resign as soon as possible:
Wash your face twice a day (no more) with warm water and a mild soap made specifically for people with acne. Gently massage your face describing circular movements. Don’t rub your face. Too much washing and rubbing your skin can irritate you. After cleaning, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends applying an over-the-counter lotion containing benzoyl peroxide.
Don’t burst the pimples. It’s tempting, but here are the reasons why you shouldn’t: by popping a pimple, you can push infected material into deeper layers of the skin, causing more inflammation and redness and even making you injury, which can leave you small permanent scars. If you get a pimple just before a major event or celebration, such as the end-of-year party, a dermatologist will most likely be able to treat you at a much lower risk of infection and get scarred.
Avoid touching your face with your hands or resting it on objects that tend to accumulate sebum and skin debris, such as your phone’s earphone. By touching your face, you can disperse the bacteria that cause the pores to become inflamed and angry. To keep bacteria at bay, wash your hands thoroughly before applying any product to your face, such as treatment creams or makeup.
If you’re wearing prescription glasses and/or sunglasses, be sure to clean them often to prevent fat from obstructing the pores around your eyes and nose.
If you have acne elsewhere, avoid wearing tight clothing that doesn’t allow your skin to breathe and can cause irritation. Scarves, binchas, hairribbons and hats also tend to accumulate grease and dirt.
Get out of your way before you go to bed at night. When you buy makeup, choose those products on which you label or wrap that are “non-comedogenic” or “non-acnegenic”. Throw away old makeup that smells or looks different than when you bought it.
Wear clean hair and keep it from coming into contact with your face so that the grease and dirt it contains doesn’t further obscure the pores of your skin.
Protect your skin from the sun. Tanning may seem to conceal acne, but it’s only temporary. Tanning can make acne worse, rather than improving it. The sun also causes skin lesions that eventually promote wrinkles and increase the risk of developing skin cancer.
If you’re concerned about acne, talk to a dermatologist. Dermatologists offer a variety of treatments that help prevent and control acne, as well as its marks or scars. A dermatologist can help you find the treatment method that’s right for you and can give you many helpful tips for managing acne and taking care of your skin type. Some beauty salons and hydrotherapy and aesthetic centers have specialists in the skin, called beauticians, who can give you advice and apply skin treatments.
The sun and skin
We all know that we must protect our skin from the harmful rays of the sun. But it is obvious that it is impossible to avoid the sun, who wants to lock yourself in the house when you are so comfortable outdoors? In addition, not everything about the sun is negative: sunlight helps our body produce vitamin D. Follow these tips when you are outside to control sun exposure:
Wear a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15, even when it’s cloudy or you don’t plan to spend a lot of time outdoors. If you sweat a lot or go swimming, repeat the application of the protective cream every 1.5 to 2 hours (even if you use a sun cream that is water resistant).
Choose a sunscreen cream that retains both UVA and UVB rays. Searches for expressions such as “wide-spectrum protection” or “UVA protection”, apart from an SPF of 15 or higher. Choose a sun cream that is “non-acnegenic” or “non-comedogenic” to help keep the pores of the skin clean.
The sun’s rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., so during those hours, repeat the sun cream and pause to shelter from the sun. The times when your shadow is longer than your height are safer to be exposed to the sun (anyway, in those moments you should also have to wear protective cream).
Use more sunscreen (with a higher SPF) when you’re near a reflective surface, such as water, snow, or ice.
We all know that sun can cause skin lesions, but did you know it can also cause eye problems? Protect your face and eyes with a visor hat or hat, and wear 100% UV protection sunglasses.
Some medications, such as drugs prescribed for acne, can increase sensitivity to the sun (and UVA machines), so if you’re medicated with any of these drugs, sun protection increases.
If you like to be dark, try to simulate tanning with self-tanners or spray treatments that are applied in some beauty salons. Avoid UVA machines. The UV rays they radiate are as harmful as those in the sun.
Cold sores are the vesicles or ulcers that come out of the lips and corners of the mouth, also known as “heating” or “febrile blisters”. They are caused by a type of herpes virus (herpes simplex virus type 1 [HSV-1], which in most cases is not sexually transmitted), so it can spread from person to person. When you contract the virus, it stays in your body, which means you’ll get lip ulcers from time to time and when throughout your life.
Here are some ways to help keep you from getting these types of ulcers (or don’t get it again if you’ve already filed them before):
Avoid getting the infection in the first place by sharing lip protectors, toothbrushes or beverages with people who may be infected with the virus. The virus that causes cold sores is transmitted through the nose (through snot) and mouth (through saliva).
People who have already contracted the infection know that it can be reactivated when exposed to the sun too much, in stressful situations or when sick. One more reason to put on plenty of sunscreen, eat well, exercise and get enough sleep!
If you get cold sores, here are some tips to attenuate your symptoms:
If ulcers are painful, take acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Suck sour bars or ice cubes to mitigate pain and keep the “heatings” cool.
Avoid acidic foods (such as oranges, tomatoes and lemonade), as well as salty or spicy foods, which can be irritating.
Don’t touch or burst your ulcers while you wait for them to heal. They may bleed and become infected with bacteria and you could spread the virus to others.
Ulcers usually go away on their own after a week or two. But if you get often or disturbed a lot, talk to your doctor or dermatologist, who may prescribe medication to relieve your symptoms and shorten the duration of your episodes.
Eczema is a condition where the skin dries, reddens and itches. If you have eczema, you may have noticed that you’re prone to itchy rashes, especially on body parts such as elbow and knee folds, neck and face. Eczema symptoms vary from person to person.
Although eczema cannot be definitively cured, there are ways to prevent it from being reactivated:
Avoid strong detergents, scented soaps, and highly fragranced lotions that tend to irritate the skin and reactivate eczema.
Since hot water is dried by rapid evaporation and overwashed with soap tends to dry out the skin, I provided short showers or baths with warm water. If you must keep your hands in the water for a good while (for example, to scrub dishes or wash the car), try wearing gloves. Detergent can dry out and irritate the skin.
Wear regularly non-scented moisturizer to prevent itching and dryness. Creams usually hydrate a little more and their effects are more lasting than those of lotions in most people. Creams take more effect when applied with a slightly damp skin, right after bathing or showering.
Be careful with the type of tissues you’re carrying. Cotton goes well because it is soft and breathable. (But for physical exercise, some of the newly created synthetic materials are better than cotton to keep your body comfortable and dry.) Try to avoid tissues such as wool, elastane or lycra, which can cause irritation and/or allergic reactions.
Manage stress. Since stress can reactivate eczema, try activities like yoga or walking after a long day of work to keep stress under control.
If you use makeup, choose those brands that do not contain dyes or perfume, which can worsen eczema.
If you’re having trouble controlling your eczema, talk to a dermatologist, who will tell you ways to better control it.
Other skin problems
Warts are infections that affect small areas of the skin caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus (HPV) family. There is no way to prevent warts from appearing (apart from avoiding contact with people who already have warts). But, if you have warts, don’t rub them, bursts or scratches, because you could spread the virus to other parts of your body and make new warts come out.
Some over-the-counter medications contain special acids that can help you get rid of warts, but it’s always best to see your doctor before trying one. If you get warts in your genital area, see your doctor for the best treatment for such a sensitive part of your body.
Another type of wart-like viral infection is contagious mollusc. (It’s not as scary as his name!) Like warts, it can be transmitted by scratching and through sexual contact.
Stretch marks, marks or fine lines of white, pink or purple that appear on the skin, are quite common in adolescents. Stretch marks form when the tissue under the skin is stretched as a result of rapid growth or increased volume, for example during puberty. Stretch marks usually disappear on their own over time. If you’re worried, talk to your dermatologist.
Since skin is the most visible reflection of what is happening within our bodies, people equate skin health with beauty. But healthy skin is much more than good-looking skin: it’s critical to survival. So make your skin always radiant by dedicating proper care, feeding you well and doing a lot of exercise.